Hanalei is an ahupuaʻa in the Haleleʻa moku on the island of Kauaʻi. Waters flow down the eastern slope of Waiʻaleʻale, just west of Pōhakupele, to form the Hanalei River. This river flows all the way through the Haleleʻa Forest, down in to the valley of Hanalei, and meets the ocean at the east end of the bay. Hanalei Bay is a large, crescent shaped bay fronting the Hanalei, Waiʻoli, Waipā, and Waikoko ahupuaʻa. From the bay, you can see the beautiful waterfalls flowing down from Nāmolokama. Kaliko is the peak to the east and marks the boundary between the Hanalei and Waiʻoli ahupuaʻa. That boundary line extends to Hīhīmanu then down towards the ocean.


Waiʻoli ahupuaʻa is next to Hanalei. From the bay, you can see the beautiful waterfalls flowing down from Nāmolokama. Those are the waters that form the Waʻioli stream, which flows through the valley, and meets the ocean at the west end of the bay. Kaliko is an eastern peak on Nāmolokama that marks the boundary between the Waiʻoli and Hanalei ahupuaʻa. When there are heavy rains, it's said that as many as 23 different waterfalls flow down the face of Nāmolokama. That boundary line extends to Hīhīmanu then down towards the ocean. To the west, Māmalahoa, most likely named after one of Kāne's wives, marks the boundary between Waiʻoli and Waipā.



Waipā is next to Waiʻoli ahupuaʻa, located on the west end of Hanalei bay. Waipā is a small ahupuaʻa that stretches all the way up to the summit of Māmalahoa. From Māmalahoa flows the waters that form the Waipā stream which filters out into Hanalei Bay on the west end (just west of Waiʻoli Stream). Waipā, meaning dammed up water, refers to the frequent sand bar build up near the mouth of the Waipā stream, preventing water from easily flowing out to the ocean.


Waikoko is next to Waipā on the northernmost section of Hanalei Bay and is the smallest Haleleʻa ahupuaʻa of the island of Kauaʻi. The Waikoko stream runs through the ahupuaʻa and filters out into Hanalei Bay on the west end. During heavy rains, water washing down from Makahoa Point would turn the ocean red. Perhaps this is how Waikoko got its name.

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Ahupuaʻa: land division usually extending from the uplands to the sea, so called because the boundary was marked by a heap (ahu) of stones surmounted by an image of a pig (puaʻa), or because a pig or other tribute was laid on the altar as tax to the chief
Hīhīmanu: sting ray, eagle ray, lavish, magnificent, elegant
Kaliko: the leaf bud, child/descendant especially of a chief, shining, glistening, as with dew

Haleleʻa: joyful house
Hanalei: lei making, lei valley, crescent bay
Māmalahoa: splintered companion; wife of highest ancient Hawaiian god, Kāne 
Moku: district, island, islet, section (in this case, moku means district)
Nāmolokama: the interweaving bound fast
Pōhakupele: (literally) volcanic rock, also same as poʻapoʻai, a worm shell, a marine mollusk of the family Vermetidae
Waialeʻale: rippling water, overflowing water
Waikoko: bloody water

Waiʻoli: joyful water
Waipā: dammed up water

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Aerial of Hanalei Bay. Digital Image. https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/6VmK8ZV1PzDC7S0pGTVcfElVtD7VeWpGs7aDBpwuHGIRA4kWkOsO5Oa4cTt27ZTSyBMIvqV_lsfJ-4m-J-m-KjuYeHJVa4rnUds4LzA_HbovYFNsBhZb0V4US0bdFEgretzdpMf382mEoY7pqZ3MwmbavHpMKSL-78hqdqPEARBGZxOipG3K3TlixUD7V1AMXn4.

Hanalei River. Digital Image. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Hanalei_Valley_%282%29%2C_photograph_by_Brother_Bertram.jpg.

Nāmolokama. Digital Image. https://foodgps.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Kauai-Mountains.jpg.

Aerial View of Waiʻoli. Digital Image. https://live.staticflickr.com/3680/9085685363_3e960c924c_b.jpg.

Aerial View of Waipā + Hanalei Bay. Digital Image. https://live.staticflickr.com/3680/9085685363_3e960c924c_b.jpg.

Aerial View of Waipā Valley. Digital Image. http://waipafoundation.org/images/slideshow/waipa-hm1.jpg.

Map of Waiʻoli. Digital Image. http://www.islandbreath.org/hawaiinei/M7Kauai/M7KauaiRasterFile.png.

Nāmolokama. Digital Image. https://foodgps.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Kauai-Mountains.jpg.

Archaeology of Oahu by Gilbert T. McAllister

Hawaii Place Names by John R. K. Clark

Kauaʻi: Ancient Place-Names and Their Stories by Frederick B. Wichman

Nā Puke Wehewehe ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi by Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H. Elbert

'Olelo No'eau: Hawaiian proverbs & poetical sayings by Mary Kawena Pukui