WAILUA

WAILUA

two waters; water pit; spirit of a person (dead or alive)

Wailua is the largest ahupuaʻa in the Puna moku on the island of Kauaʻi. The Makaleha mountain range is at the northern boundary, Kālepa to the south, and Waiʻaleʻale to the west. Waters flow down the slopes of Waiʻaleʻale and Kawaikini, the island's highest peak, to form the Wailua River. This river flows all the way down into the ocean at the southern end of Wailua bay. Geographically, Wailua is divided into an upper mountainous region generally known as Wailua Uka and a lower sea-level area generally called Wailua Kai.

Wailua Uka, generally known today as "Wailua Homesteads", is a vast valley stretching between the bounds of the Waiʻaleʻale, Makaleha, Nounou, and Kālepa mountains. This area is traditionally known as Kaipuhaʻa. Keāhua is the valley far up the Wailua river, below Waiʻaleʻale, also known today as loop road or the arboretum.

In ancient times, the land in the lower Wailua River area between Mōpua (the southern area of Nounou mountain range just north of the river) and Mauna Kapu (the northern cliff of the Kālepa mountain range just south of the river) and all land makai was known as Wailuanuiahōʻano. It was once one of the most desirable places to live and home to many aliʻi. Wailuanuiahōʻano had more heiau than any other place on the island. It is considered to be the most sacred place on all of Kauaʻi with significant sites such as heiau, birthing stones, a bell stone, burial sites, fishponds, canoe landings, and petroglyphs.

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Ahupuaʻa: land division usually extending from the uplands to the sea, so called because the boundary was marked by a heap (ahu) of stones surmounted by an image of a pig (puaʻa), or because a pig or other tribute was laid on the altar as tax to the chief
Heiau: pre-Christian place of worship, shrine
Kaipuhaʻa: the low gourd
Kalehuawehe: surf known today as Black Rock; the open lehua blossom
Kālepa: trade, the flag, hem, notched

Kawaikini: the multitudinous water, the numerous waters
Keāhua: large area below Kawaikini known today as loop road and the arboretum, hillock, the mound  (Hoʻomanawanui, 2012, p. 215)

Kemamo: the beach at Wailua, a favorite landing for Kauaʻi in ancient times, the descendant
Kona: district on the island of Kauaʻi
Makai: toward the ocean
Mauna Kapu: sacred mountain
Moku: district, island, islet, section (in this case, moku means district)
Moʻo: lizard, reptile of any kind, dragon

Mōpua: melodious, pleasant, of a voice
Nounou: to throw, pelt, cast, pitch, hurl
Puna: spring (of water); district on the island of Kauaʻi
Waialeʻale: rippling water, overflowing water
Wailua: two waters, water pit, spirit of a person (dead or alive)
Wailuanuiahoʻāno: the great sacred Wailua of Chief Hoʻāno

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Dickey, L. (1916). Stories of Wailua, Kauai (Hawaiian Historical Society Annual Report). Honolulu, HI: Hawaiian Historical Society.

Elbert, Samuel H., and Mary Kawena Pūkui. Hawaiian Dictionary: Hawaiian-English ; English-Hawaiian. Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1999.

He Moʻolelo No Hiiakaikapoliopele. Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika, Volume I, Number 22. February 20, 1862.

Joesting, Edward. Kauai: the Separate Kingdom. University of Hawaii Press, 1990.

Kawaikini. Digital Image. https://i.pinimg.com/564x/b8/6c/e9/b86ce9a29a1517b25055cbfa988bb93a.jpg.

Keāhua. Digital Image. https://farm3.static.flickr.com/2014/2191617002_9078f98da4.jpg.

Keāhua From Above. Digital Image. https://d2c25d4j23sfmm.cloudfront.net/82040001d.jpg.

Map of Wailua. Digital Image. http://www.islandbreath.org/hawaiinei/M7Kauai/M7KauaiRasterFile.png

Soehren, Lloyd J. “Hawaiian Place Names.” ULUKAU: The Hawaiian Electronic Library, 2002, ulukau.org/cgi-bin/hpn?l=en.

Hoʻomanawanui, Kuʻualoha. “Hanohano Wailuanuiahoʻāno: Remembering, Recovering, and Writing Place.” Hūlili, Kamehameha Publishing, 2012, kamehamehapublishing.org/_assets/publishing/hulili/Hulili_Vol8_9.pdf.

Wailua Bay. Digital Image. https://www.kauaisurfreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/wailuabeach1-1.jpg.

Wailua River & Nounou. Digital Image. https://www.ohanafunhawaii.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/fern-grotto-river.jpg.

Wailua River From Above. Digital Image. https://thebest5years.files.wordpress.com/2017/10/img6-8929.jpg?w=683